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June 13, 2013 / C H Thompson

Sociology of Family and Households Overview


Prezzi overview


Revision resources

What are families and households?

What is the family?

Different types of families

What is a household?

Families and households video

Study questions for learning and understanding

Competing perspectives of the family

Revision note images

The family according to functionalists

The family according to Marxists

The family according to feminists

The family according to the New Right

Key supporting studies

Study questions for learning and understanding – 2

Power and the family

Revision note images

Power in action

Stephen Lukes: Power and the family

Studies in gender power – who does the housework part 1

Who does the housework part 2

Changing family structures across time

Revision note images

Pre-industrial family

Classic extended family

Isolated nuclear family

Symmetrical family or privatised nuclear family

Changing functions of the family

Family diversity Power and the family

Housework – gender power

Some supporting studies

Study questions for learning and understanding – 4

Study questions for learning and understanding – 5

Demographic influences on the family

Demographics and the family

Reasons for demographic change 

Fertility and average family size

Study questions for learning and understanding – 3

Marriage and divorce

Revision note images

Civil Partnerships

Mum and Dad are Splitting-Up

Marriage Divorce

Effects of divorce on children

A film highlighting the effects of divorce on children

Remarriage – blending families

Cohabitation Singlehood

Study questions for learning and understanding 6


Revision note images

What is childhood?

The family and its children

Roles, relationships and diversity

Ideology and the family

Opening-up the cereal packet family

Social trends and the family

Remarriage – blending families

Lone parent families

Same sex families


Marriage in decline = cohabitation


Some supporting studies

Dark side of family life

Abuse within the home

Politics, social policy and the family

Social policy and the family (quick view)

Politics and the family

Social policy and the family

Social policy and the New Right

Fragmented families

Criticisms of New Right thinking

Social policy and its futures

Postmodernism and the family

Understanding postmodernism




Leave a Comment
  1. Medi / Nov 18 2013 1:44 pm

    It’s been so useful to me but how can I cite it as my reference? The author’s name and so forth?
    Thank you

    • sociologytwynham / Nov 18 2013 8:13 pm

      Hi -I suppose it’s what you need the reference for. If it’s for the content in general you can just use the web address of the page you’re referring to. If it’s something specific on a certain page then you can either quote the name eg Parsons then the page address or if you want a particular source then message me and I’ll get it for you.
      Either way thanks for the complement 🙂

  2. Jayne / Dec 29 2013 9:36 pm

    Hi, this webpage has been really helpful, but can you put an authors name somewhere so we can use that in references ?

    • sociologytwynham / Jan 6 2014 11:00 am

      C.Thompson (sociologytwynham)

    • sociologytwynham / Jan 6 2014 11:01 am

      Meant to say, glad you found it so helpful 🙂

  3. Roxy / Sep 2 2014 11:26 am

    Thank you SOOO much this has been a lifesaver. I cannot tell you how thrilled I am to have found this awesome website. God bless you :’)

    • tommo / Sep 2 2014 11:44 am

      Many thanks for your lovely comment 🙂

  4. Rose / Nov 25 2014 5:25 pm

    Am being taught about youth in sociology AS at my school but am absolutely hating it! Have decided to teach myself all about the family and this website has been a life saver at giving me all the topics I need to cover thankyou so much! One question though, do you know if this is everything you need to know for the OCR exam?

  5. DoubleN / Dec 13 2014 8:17 pm

    Your website indeed is very helpful ! May God bless u ! I am doing GCSE A level will this site cover its specifications ? Moreover , i have come through a question in the pastpapers for which i cant find the answer can u pls clear this one out for me . Thanking u in advance
    Qns-Evaluate the claim that in modern industrial societies the state has taken over most of the functions of the family.(16 marks )

    • DoubleN / Dec 13 2014 8:23 pm

      Its markscheme answer :
      Band1 0–4
      In this mark band candidates may wish to support or reject the proposition uncritically. Others may attempt some description of the functions of the family with no reference to the question.
      Band2 5–8
      In this band the candidate may offer a supported defence of the proposition that the state has taken over the functions of the family and this can be supported either by theory or empirical data. Others can argue that the family continues to be responsible for its own affairs. Candidates who note that there may be a debate but who do not develop this, mark at the top of the band.
      Band3 9–12
      Answers show a more thorough understanding of the question and are supported with a good range of material. There will be a thorough exploration of both the arguments that the state has taken over the functions of the family and the evidence that the family continues to oversee its own affairs. Some may note how change has developed and support their answer with the work of such key thinkers as Fletcher, Delphy and Leonard or Allan and Crow. Evaluation in this mark band may be implicit.
      Band4 13–16
      Knowledge will be applied with a high degree of accuracy showing a careful analysis of the work referred to and an evaluation, which at its best, will be detailed leading to a balanced conclusion.

    • tommo / Dec 15 2014 12:31 pm

      Hi – many thanks for the compliment. This site’s content will help you at both GCSE and A level, it’s just the content goes a lot deeper than necessary for GCSE.
      To help you answer your exam question please go to and then click on the image in the centre of the page which answers your question. The yellow text examines the functions carried out by the family in the past while the green boxes relate to our contemporary period (modern industrial society).
      Your question is simply saying the modern state undertakes all the functions once carried out by the family.
      Hope that helps

  6. DoubleN / Dec 21 2014 1:35 pm

    Thank u so much for your prompt and indeed helpful reply !

  7. nitisha / Feb 22 2015 1:29 pm

    plzzzzzzzzz can u tll me the different beteween household and family

    • C H Thompson / Feb 22 2015 2:00 pm

      Hi – a family is a group of people who are related by blood, marriage or adoption whereas a household is more than one person living at the same address, like a group of university students living together – they generally have no kinship ties (related by blood, marriage or adoption. Hope that helps 🙂

    • DoubleN / Feb 22 2015 2:06 pm

      Hello nitisha , I am appearing for A level sociology this year . I dont know anyone who is doing the same as I am a private candidate . So I just wanted to know how far have u completed the syllabus and whats your status on sociology right now ?
      Hope u dont mind me asking .

    • C H Thompson / Feb 22 2015 3:26 pm

      Hi again – just in case you don’t scroll down below my reply, a student is asking you a direct question below my reply to you 🙂

      • DoubleN / Feb 28 2015 7:07 pm

        Thank you for your extra help 🙂

        Bdw I cant seem to find notes on the debate about the unvierstality of the nuclear family , have you got any ? As your collection seems to be quite complete . If u havent then you certainly should add them 🙂

      • C H Thompson / Mar 1 2015 9:27 am

        Pleasure to help. Glad you like the revision books. You raise a useful point, as with anything sometimes it is difficult to decide what to include and what to leave out but I’ll certainly keep your point in mind 🙂

  8. Ko / Apr 22 2015 9:31 pm

    Do you have revision books? And is everything here that I will need for my As sociology families and house holds exam? Im taking the AQA paper

  9. Ko / May 1 2015 8:37 pm

    West Yorkshire, dewsbury

    • C H Thompson / May 3 2015 10:30 am

      Hi – sorry I’m miles away in the south of England.

  10. Flachi32 / Sep 8 2017 12:16 pm

    A lot of your embedded resources e.g. Prezi and articles are produced in North America which has its own particular history of family life

  11. sandra / Nov 14 2020 3:03 am

    please i will like know if economy, agrarian,structure and extend family falls under pre-industrialisation. i am not really sure about can you clarify me.

    many thanks .

    • C H Thompson / Nov 24 2020 4:19 pm

      Sorry I didn’t see this sooner. The extended family was fundamental to the functioning of a family’s economy in pre-industrialisation.

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