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April 28, 2018 / C H Thompson

Cultural factors in relation to achievement-revision notes

  • Bourdieu used the term cultural capital as a means of explaining social class differences in achievement at school
  • Bourdieu uses the term habitus to describe the cultural characteristics and values of each social-class.
  • his point is unlike working-class children, middle-class children tend to thrive in school, as the culture of schooling is one which engages with cultural capital
  • cultural capital is the knowledge, language and values which the middle-classes aspire their children to acquire
  • and as most school teachers are themselves immersed in these value then middle and upper-middle class children thrive in school
  • Bourdieu also highlighted the role of social capital on which the middle-classes thrive for example parents knowing teachers



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