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November 19, 2013 / C H Thompson

Answers to learning and understanding-5

  1. Lukes’ first face of power identifies a man’s power to make the decisions within the home in an overt manner. Feminists argue this highlights the extent of male power within the home. This type of power is visible meaning some women might fight back against such oppression
  2. However Lukes’ third face of power explains the way patriarchal power controls the wishes and desires of women. This type of power is covert because women don’t realise men are controlling their desires to seek to wash-up, iron, clean etc. This control is conducted through the ideology of the cereal packet family which makes women guilty for not meeting society’s expectations.
  3. Young and Willmott’s (1973) symmetrical family is constructed around the idea of joint conjugal roles within the home. However feminists such as Oakley (1974) point out Young and Willmott’s data was flawed as one hour of housework by a man was seen as an equal contribution to household chores. ONS data 2001 shows how Oakley’s argument is still valid today as men still make a lesser contribution to household chores than women.

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