Prison numbers, just like crime statistics and suicide rates vary from country to country. Nevertheless being sent to prison is the most common form of punishment throughout the world.
The US has the world’s highest prison population rate at about 700 per 100,00 with the UK having the highest rate in Europe at around 140 per 100,00. This ratio means there are around 90,000 people incarcerated in UK prisons. In contrast to this Sweden is closing a significant number of its prisons due falling numbers of inmates. The following article explains what’s occurring in more detail.
The purpose of prison can be seen to have four key goals:
- Protect the public
- Punish criminal behaviour
- Reform criminals