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June 22, 2012 / C H Thompson

Definitions

  • Dominant Culture – the dominant culture of a society refers to the main culture in a society which is shared or accepted without any opposition by the majority of a population. For example having your hair dyed green would be seen as unacceptable by the vast majority of the population.
  • Subculture – a subculture is a smaller group of people sharing their own norms, customs, values etc. within the main culture of a society. An example of a subculture would be goths, chavs, gay people etc
  • Folk culture – is the culture  stemming from the experiences, customs, traditions and beliefs of particular communities. For example it’s seen as custom for Scottish people to play bagpipes
  • High culture – are cultural products of lasting value such as Shakespeare, classical music, literary products like Dickens novels not Harry Potter, art such as Pre-Raphaelite

Mass, low or popular culture – is the same thing. It refers to all the cultural products which are popular and instantly accessible. These cultural products are seen to have no lasting value and make no intellectual demands.

Culture of hybridity – is a culture that is a mix of two or more other cultures, creating a new culture

Cultural capitial – is the cultural advantage possessed by the upper and upper middle classes

Disability – a physical or mental impairment which has an adverse effect on a person’s ability to carry out day-to-day activities

Gender identity – refers to how people see themselves and how others see them in terms of their gender

Habitus – the cultural expectations possessed by a social class through socialization

Hegemonic identity – a dominant view of someone to the extent it becomes difficult for individuals to assert any other identity

Impairment – is some abnormal functioning of the body or mind which doesn’t tend to limit a person’s day-to-day activities

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