Defining crime and deviance
Definition of crime and deviance is:
Deviance = behaviour which goes against all the norms, values and expectations of society. For example coming to school in your speedo’s
Crime = behaviour which breaks laws and you’re punished by the legal system. For example speeding in your car
Downes and Rock (1988)- said: “deviance may be considered as banned or controlled behaviour which is likely to attract punishment or disapproval”
Once a consensus is created about what is good and bad social behaviour the difficult thing is making sure you get everyone to do as they’re told – social order. Social control is the way society regulates the behave of its members of society, this is known as social control.
There are two types of social control, ‘formal’ and ‘informal’ social control. Formal is the police and the law, while informal comes from primary and seconday socialisation through the media, family, schools etc.